In 1996, residents of South Orange and Maplewood came together to dialogue and develop constructive solutions to address issues related to changing demographics and negative perceptions based on stagnant property values, perceived white flight and a belief that the quality of our school system was in decline.
Discussions among a group of concerned residents led to the formation of an intergovernmental task force which incorporated as the private/non profit Racial Balance Task Force, which subsequently became the Community Coalition. The Task Force was able to draw on work done by earlier organizations – Maplewood Friends, South Orange Neighbors and the combined Friends and Neighbors – which provided important historical data and indicated community willingness to explore important issues around race, economics, and housing. Additionally, the Task Force drew upon the expertise of Fund for an OPEN Society, a national organization, which works with communities on intentional integration efforts.
The Racial Balance Task Force identified several “resource” principles from which to work:
- In a world where racism does matter, it is necessary for anti-racists to notice race; it’s the only way we can counter racism and segregation.
- Racial integration optimizes housing values because it means that whites and people of color are all competing for housing in the same places at the same time — racially inclusive, robust demand is ideal. Housing for which demand is limited to only a fraction of one race means that value of property and net worth and mobility of the owners will be diminished.
- If segregation brought minority empowerment, African Americans would be rich and powerful throughout the land. In America across all black income groups residential apartheid is the rule; integration is the exception.
- Social scientists find that most Americans, minority and non-minority, prefer racially integrated neighborhoods in the abstract, other things being equal.
- There are minorities as well as whites who are invested in maintaining segregation — who find comfort in perpetuating the separate and unequal status quo.
- Many well-intentioned housing programs for lower-income and minority people in lower-income and minority areas actually contribute to poverty impaction and racial isolation, which generates more poverty and rejection of mainstream values. These outcomes, even beyond local political boundaries, affect our quality of life.
- Racially based pro-integration programs are justified by compelling public interest, i.e. freedom to choose integrated living, making housing investments and not merely buying shelter in one kind of ghetto or another. Such programs must be effected by option-expanding means, e.g. incentives to make pro-integrative choices more accessible and attractive. No quotas or restrictions may be employed.
- Resident interracial understanding and support of Maplewood/South Orange’s racial balance initiatives are necessary for success.
The Coalition adopted as its goals the development and implementation of three key strategies: to promote strong and sustained robust demand by all racial groups for housing in every area of our community; to take proactive steps to ensure involvement of persons of color in the civic life of our community; and promote dialogue and understanding on race-related issues.
Since 1996 we have seen a renaissance in our two towns thanks in part to Coalition initiatives: an aggressive marketing program to tout our communities through targeted media outlets; tours for potential buyers interested in purchasing homes in our community; collaboration with neighborhood associations and other civic organizations to promote more inclusiveness; “planning ahead” workshops for parents of middle school students; and hosting of forums and guest speakers to discuss race-related issues.
Initially, the two town municipalities fully funded the Coalition. The Coalition has initiated an aggressive fund development campaign, to lessen our reliance on municipal funds. Now more than 65% of our funding comes from private donors, foundations and other grant sources, and fund-raising events.
In my own mind, I call my work with the Coalition political activism. We are not just helping out; we are attempting to make change in our local towns, which will lead in the long run to change in the larger society. I do this work for the Coalition because it is personally satisfying (I’ve made a lot of friends), but at the same time because I believe it is a way to fight structural racism in the United States. — Meredith Sue Willis, Coalition Chairperson 2004-2005
[To me, the Coalition is] another vehicle to shape the future of South Orange/Maplewood with a common goal – living in a harmonious integrated community where all facets of life include and value all – regardless of race, ethnicity or life style. The bonus [of volunteering] is working with a representative group of talented, committed neighbors from both towns! — Carol Barry-Austin, Vice Chairperson.